Table of Contents
Initially I wanted to not look at OpenBSD-current again but I did it again.
All went good this time and I could compile everything except the ports. I’m still looking to find a good solution to update all the packages in one run.
What went wrong the last time #
I have no clue. The last time I had problems with the recent snapshot, when the packages could not get updated properly. This time they updated just fine. So maybe this was only an issue with that particular snapshot back then. Maybe, IDK.
Fetch the actual sources #
The user is member of wsrc.
$ cd /usr/src $ cvs -q up -Pd -A $ cd /usr/xenocara $ cvs -q up -Pd -A $ cd /usr/ports $ cvs -q up -Pd -A
Initially we fetched the source with
$ cd /usr $ cvs -qd email@example.com:/cvs checkout -P src
Create the kernel #
$ cd /sys/arch/$(machine)/compile/GENERIC.MP $ doas make obj $ doas make config $ doas make && doas make install
The current kernel gets copied to
/obsd and the new kernel gets
/bsd. On multi-processor machines
/bsd is actually
/bsd.mp and the single processor kernel gets renamed to
Reboot the machine to use the new kernel.
Build base system #
$ cd /usr/src $ doas make obj && doas make build
$ doas sysmerge $ cd /dev && doas ./MAKEDEV all
This takes on my Lenovo X1 Carbon Gen7 something in between 8 to 12 hours usually.
Build and install Xenocara (X) #
$ cd /src/xenocara $ doas make bootstrap $ doas make obj $ doas make build
Building Xenocara took on my laptop (see above) around 1.5 hours.
Once we built our new system, we want to boot into it.
Upgrading the ports #
I do have a packagelist of the manually installed packages in my home folder. That looks something like this:
ImageMagick-- abook-- adb-- adwaita-icon-theme-- aircrack-ng-- alacritty-- anacron-- appstream-glib-- [...]
This is of no help to me, so I modified it a bit with sed:
$ sed s/--// packagelist.txt > localports
That removes only the two minuses at the end.
/usr/ports and I’m looking if the
resulting category/package name fits the ports directory
$ for i in `cat ~/localports`; do echo */$i; done | tee localports
Run the command without the
| tee ... part to see if any errors occur.
If the for loop finishes without errors, we can add the
tee part and
write the new localports file into
Make sure to remove the
The final file should look like this:
graphics/ImageMagick mail/abook devel/adb security/aircrack-ng x11/alacritty sysutils/anacron devel/appstream-glib
Some paths should be modified like the firefox browser is not found as firefox but as fitefox-i18n for example.
Notice, there is already the package
because there is no such port in the ports tree.
/usr/ports, we run
$ doas /usr/ports/infrastructure/bin/dpb -P localports
That’s it. The screen gets filled with all the ports that are updated at once/in parallel.
I do have about 100 packages to build, which usually consumes around 40 minutes of time.
Creating a release #
There are a few steps needed to create your own installation media.
First of all, we setup some space that we can mount with
I use an external SSD
which I mount into
$ doas mount -o noperm /dev/sd2a /build
Set the owner of this directory to build and chmod the directory with 0700. Read along in the release man page.
I use four directories:
xdest will be used to build the system, while
release will hold the tarballs and the final installation media files
xrelease the Xenocara release files will land.
It is the base system that we create first #
$ export DESTDIR=/build/dest RELEASEDIR=/build/release $ cd /usr/src/etc && doas make release $ cd /usr/src/distrib/sets && doas sh checkflist $ unset RELEASEDIR DESTDIR
Time for coffe, the second line above takes around an hour.
This step creates a base installation of OpenBSD within
creates the installation media (tarballs) in
We continue with building the X release files #
$ export DESTDIR=/build/xdest RELEASEDIR=/build/xrelease $ doas make release $ doas make checkdist $ unset RELEASEDIR DESTDIR
This run is fairly quick, expect a few minutes to run.
Creating the installation media files #
$ export RELDIR=/build/release RELXDIR=/build/xrelease $ cd /usr/src/distrib/$(machine)/iso && doas make $ doas make install
Also this is done in a few minutes.
You’ll find your
install.iso files in
Ready to be used.
It is not hard to build OpenBSD from source, but it is very time consuming.
Ports need a little tweaking, though. I will continue to follow -current by upgrading to current snapshots.